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Hot spots are one of the least desirable skin irritations that can affect your pet. Vets refer to them as moist eczema. They occur when dogs itch, scratch or lick themselves excessively, leading to a wet scab on their fur. But what can you do with a hot spot?Hot spots can appear anywhere on your dog’s body. It can cause the surrounding area to deteriorate rapidly too. The raw, moist skin disorder has a number of causes but bacteria are the most consistent factor. Anything that breaks or irritates the skin can create the right breeding ground for bacterial contamination.All it takes is a bit of moisture. The incidences of moisture can be anything from a recent bath or a swim to wet and crazy playtime. In fact, an oozing sore can provide enough moisture or nutrients for bacterial infections to take hold.Although there are a number of bacteria which can cause hot spots, most of them respond to topical
and oral antibiotics
. Cats rarely get any hot spots.How to treat them
- Trim out the area around the area with the help of animal clippers. If the affected area is a little too big, shave it off. Exposing the skin to the air will help in drying out all the moisture and help speed up the healing process.
- Clean the area nicely with a light water-based antiseptic or astringent spray, or a specialized shampoo. Once you are done, pat the area dry.
- Apply hydrocortisone cream or spray (with the prescription of the veterinarian) to stop all itching and help promote full healing.
- Make sure your dog does not bite, lick or scratch the affected area. If it is difficult to control him, you can place a plastic cone around the neck of your dog. It will keep him from licking or biting it.
- Monitor the area continuously to make sure that it heals. If it worsens or spreads, you need to take your dog to the vet. It is actually safer to take your dog to the vet if you see an infection. He will prescribe medication in the form of a Betamethasone/Gentamicin spray or cream along with oral antibiotics. The vet might also give a cortisone injection to your dog to kick start the process of healing.
Most of the dermatological problems can be avoided altogether if your dog is on a well-balanced and nutritious diet. In certain cases, adding supplements like omega fatty acids
can help greatly in avoiding hot spots and other such skin afflictions. If your dog’s skin or coat does not look that healthy, you should switch his diet to a meat-based ingredient formula.