Pekingese are well-suited for indoor living, requiring only short leash walks outdoors. The flattened face of the Pekingese causes breathing difficulties, especially in warm, humid weather. Keep your Pekingese in a temperature-controlled environment to prevent heatstroke in warmer climates and during the summer. Use a harness rather than a collar when walking your Peke, to avoid impairing the dog's breathing. Bred to be a lapdog, with thousands of years of lapdogs in their background, Pekingese typically are not very active. Regular games indoors with chew toys or puzzle toys can engage your dog's attention and prevent obesity.
Pekingese dogs can suffer from hereditary intervertebral disc disease, a condition that causes degeneration and damage of the spinal cord, according to the American College of Veterinary Surgeons. It's a good idea to teach your Pekingese not to jump on and off of furniture. Instead, give your dog special pet stairs, available in pet supply stores, to provide access to high couches or beds.