The history of the Bernese Mountain dog can be traced to the Romans. Believed to be a cross breed of the Mastiffs of Rome and the native flock-guarding dogs, Bernese Mountain dogs are named after the Berne canton of Switzerland. The Bernese Mountain dog reached the United States in 1926 and was officially registered by AKC in 1937.
The dog is known for its moderately long black coat with symmetrical markings of rust and white. Normally the breed is 25 inches tall and weighs 87 – 90 pounds. The dog has dark eyes, black nose, sharp teeth, triangular ears and a long, hairy tail. The broad head with a small groove down the middle distinguishes Bernese Mountain dog from the rest.
Tricolor (Black/Tan/White or Black/Rust/White)
Normally a quick learner, the dog is known for its problem solving skills. They are loyal to the owner and many consider it as a single-owner dog mainly because of its attachment to the boss. These dogs are friendly towards children and other pets. The breed doesn’t exhibit aggressive behavior and is friendly with strangers. The innate territorial instinct of the dog keeps them close to home.
The normal life span of this breed is 8 - 10 years. The dog cannot do well in hot or humid climates mainly because of its heavy coat. The breed is prone to cancer, hip and elbow dysplasia, hereditary eyelid problems and gastric torsions.
CKC, FCI, AKC, ANKC, NKC, NZKC, APRI, ACR