The Alaskan Malamute’s history can be traced back to around 3000 B.C. This breed of dog got its name from the Malhemut tribe who inhabited northwestern Alaska in that time. The main purpose of this breed during that period was to pull traveling sleds and haul heavy loads. The Alaskan Malamute descended from the Arctic wolf, and is among the oldest arctic sled dogs. Later on, Alaskan Malamutes were used in large numbers for hunting and hauling.
The Alaskan Malamute is a strong and powerful dog. It is heavily-boned, well-muscled, and has a deep chest, fox-like face, erect ears, and a curled tail. It has a thick, coarse double coat that comes in colors like black and white, white, wolf sable, red, or gray. The feet are furry and have tough pads. Usually, an adult Alaskan Malamute weighs around 70–85 pounds and can grow up to a height of 25 inches.
The coloring of their coats ranges widely. They are often various shades of white and grey. Other combinations include black and white, pure white, red and white, and sable and white.
The Alaskan Malamute is a very friendly, loyal, and intelligent dog. This breed of dog can’t be kept as a guard dog. Due to its destructive tendency, care should be taken that this dog isn’t left alone unattended for longer durations. Regular and firm training is necessary, and this dog should be socialized from an early age. The Alaskan Malamute is a wonderful companion and loves the company of people.
Though a very hardy breed, the Alaskan Malamute is prone to health problems such as hypothyroidism, arthritis, diabetes, and hemophilia. Bloat, eye problems, hip dysplasia, and chondrodysplasia (dwarfism) are also found in this breed.
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