The Parson Russell Terrier was recognized by the American Kennel Club in 2001 under the name Jack Russell Terrier. The breed descended from fox terriers that were white in color and worked in the hunt field. The confusion between the breeds lasted for over a century, until finally the Parson Russell Terriers looked completely different from the fox terriers and had to be recognized separately. Developed by a clergy named Jack Russell in the 19th century, the breed mainly hunted foxes by digging the game out of its den. Today, of course, the Parson Russell Terrier is more an energetic companion for families.
A small yet athletic dog, the Parson Russell Terrier is mainly white and has tan, brown or reddish black markings, mostly on its head and tail. It is muscular and has a square profile. Strong head; almond-shaped, dark eyes; small, v-shaped, pendant ears; well-defined stop; strong and rectangular muzzle; black and fully pigmented nose; large teeth meeting in scissor bite; tail can be docked or carried neither too high nor too low—these are some of the breed’s physical characteristics.
Usually a combination of black, white, and tan in a tri-color coat, but can also be white with another color, like orange, yellow, etc.
The Parson Russell Terrier is a fun-loving and devoted dog that is a lot more courageous than a dog of its size. This intelligent but willful dog is good with children but has to be treated gently and with respect. It can be highly aggressive with other dogs and not safe to have around small pets due to its hunting instincts. PRTs need firm training and a confident and energetic owner to stay well-behaved and acknowledge the boss. They need a lot of exercise and may get destructive and fidgety in an apartment. Be patient with them, and they can make loyal and loving family pets.
Eye problems, deafness and diseases of the legs, hips and kneecaps are commonly seen in Parson Russell Terriers.
CKC, FCI, AKC, UKC, ANKC, NKC, NZKC, APRI, ACR