A breed used by the nomadic Siberian tribe of Samoyed to pull their sleds in the ancient times, this dog enjoys the reputation of being great a herd and sled dog for centuries. An English explorer called Robert Scott brought some of these Samoyed dogs home and the English developed and spread the breed allover the world.
Originally bred as a working dog, Samoyed has a compactly built muscular body and commendable endurance. The dense harsh coat is white, biscuit, yellow or cream in color and gives protection against the arctic cold. It has a black nose and strong jaws. The ears are somewhat rounded and carried erect. The long fully haired tail is carried rolled on the back and the legs are firm and well-built. The average height of the breed is 19–23 inches and it weighs 35–65 pounds.
Typical colors for the Samoyed are a mixture of white and biscuit coloring. However, all white and all biscuit colored dogs are not uncommon. The white of the overcoat does appear to have some silver.
Samoyed is an excellent companion dog with gentle manners. The dog is very loyal to the master and tends to make strong bond with him/her. The animal is even-tempered and has a playful and friendly attitude. Though their friendly nature makes them poor watchdogs, they are excellent barkers and will alert the owner to the presence of outsiders.
The normal life span of Samoyed is 12–14 years. The breed is prone to hip dysplasia and diabetes. They are also prone to skin allergies and the male dogs to PRA as well.
CKC, FCI, AKC, UKC, ANKC, NKC, NZKC, APRI, ACR