The progeny of the Roman Mastiff, the Saint Bernard was bred by the monk St. Bernard de Menthon and hence the name. Originated way back in AD 980, the dog has undergone cross breeding with a variety of breeds. Initially used by the monks in the Swiss Alps to find isolated travelers, the dog began to be used widely in rescue operations during the mid 17th century.
These excellent rescue dogs are large in appearance with sturdy muscular body. There are two varieties with differing coat length and texture; short and smoother as well as slightly longer coarse hair coats. In any case, the coat is thick with water-resistant properties, and is available in tan, red, mahogany, brindle, and black. The dog has exceptional olfactory senses and is known for its sixth sense. Also, these dogs are good at capturing even the very low frequency sounds.
white with red markings or red with white markings. The red is in various shades and there are also often markings of brown and yellow. For show, the dog should have a white chest, white feet and the tip of the tail should be white.
Basically an attention seeker, the dog is generally friendly to all and loves to impress its master. Though appearing to be even-tempered, the dog requires proper introduction to other pets to be friendly with them. With its oversized figure and loud bark, the breed can make a wonderful watchdog. The dog is highly protective of its owner and the family.
The breed always maintains steady health, although they have a tendency to develop wobbler syndrome and genetic disorders related to heart and skin. The oversized structure can lead to hip dysplasia in these dogs. Moreover, this breed requires good eye care and is prone to become obese. Their life expectancy of 8-10 years is comparatively shorter.
CKC, FCI, AKC, UKC, ANKC, NKC, NZKC, APRI, ACR