Indications for Metronidazole
Metronidazole is an effective antimicrobial drug, efficient in the treatment of giardia infections, inflammatory bowel diseases and infections in the mouth. Metronidazole in combination with other drugs can treat even the most severe infections. Various protozoal infections in cats and dogs can be treated effectively with the help of this medication. It works by disrupting the DNA and thus killing the bacterial microorganisms.
Precautions when using Metronidazole
Before administering metronidazole, test the animal for hypersensitivity towards the contents of the drug. Abstain from using this medication on pregnant and breeding pets as well as puppies and kittens. It might be slightly difficult to administer the medication as it has a strong bitter taste. Prolonged as well as over dosage of this medication can bring about many harmful effects. Administer this medication in reduced doses on animals with underlying liver disease or blood disorders. If the pet is under phenytoin or other anticoagulants medication such as warfarin, avoid using metronidazole, as adverse reactions are likely to occur.
Side Effects of Metronidazole
A few of the commonly noted side effects are neurologastro-intestinal disorder, lethargy, weakness, neutropenias, hepatoxicity, and hematuria. Cases of anorexia, nausea, excessive salivation, gagging, regurgitation and diarrhea are also reported. Harmful effects of metronidazole normally affect the brain and its equilibrium. Drowsiness, rashes and incoordination are other side effects. There are a few rare side effects such as loss of appetite, vomiting, staggering or difficulty in walking, involuntary and constant eye movements, lethargy and seizures. Occasionally death can also occur and therefore stop administration of the drug as soon as any side effects are noted.
Dosage for Metronidazole
Avoid extra doses unless specifically instructed by the veterinarian. Do not crush the medicine, as this will make it more difficult to administer the drug. Administer metronidazole either orally or rectally. In dogs weighing 3-23mg/pound, administer the drug 1 to 4 times a day. In cats, the ideal is 5-23mg/pound 1-2 times a day. The actual dose and the duration of treatment depend on the specific condition.
Brand/Generic Equivalents of Metronidazole