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Small Dogs that Stay Small

Dog Breeds That Won't Outgrow Your Expectations

By Lauren Leonardi. July 02, 2013 | See Comments

Small Dogs that Stay Small

When a dog is given up by a family, sometimes it's because that pet outgrew their expectations or abilities to care for a larger sized pet. If you know you're looking for a petite pooch, take a look at these breeds that stay small.

There are dog breeds on all ends of the weight scale, from 9 pound toy breeds to 140 pound giant breeds, and every type in between. Certain breeds are more reliably consistent than others: you know just how big they’ll get, or just how small they’ll remain, which can be important if space is a concern in your home, or if you just don’t want to have a larger dog. Here are some small dogs that stay small.

Toy Breeds Stay Small

Toy breeds are dogs that never grow beyond about 20-22 pounds. The following is our list of little dogs that stay reliably small. You can count on these dogs to mature from puppyhood to adulthood without ever growing into “medium-sized” territory, with perhaps some very rare exceptions of nature.

Small Bodies, Big Personalities

Remember, just because your puppy may stay puppy-sized forever, doesn’t mean you should treat them like a puppy forever. To avoid behavior problems, give your small dog as much discipline, and as many boundaries, as you’d give to any dog of any size. Make sure they get exercise, training, and plenty of stimulating interaction. These small efforts in the beginning of their lives will ensure everyone stays happy.

Toy Breed Origins

Until very recently in history, dogs were bred to work. Whether as hunting companions, herders, diggers, or guard dogs, a dog’s contribution to the family had to justify their expense, and the effort it took to keep them. It wasn’t until the 19th century that wealthy classes and nobility began to desire dogs as companions alone, and this is when dogs were selectively bred for looks, temperament, and petite size.

6 Great Small Dogs

Pugs | 15 - 20 pounds

These much-beloved small dogs are a favorite in American households for their sweet, lazy natures. They look like little aliens, with rolly skin around their faces, compact bodies, bug eyes, and a short face that can make breathing a challenge if they’re over-exercised. Clever, but stubborn, Pugs tend to grow to around 15 pounds, with males topping out around 20 pounds.



Chihuahuas
| 5 - 15 pounds

Chihuahua people regard their pets as the best and smartest of all the small dog breeds, and for good reason. Chihuahuas are smart, eminently trainable, devoted to their people, and sometimes frighteningly clever. They’re a versatile breed, originally from Mexico. They can be as small as 2-3 pounds or as large as 10 pounds. The largest healthy weight for Chihuahuas maxes out around 15 pounds. Anything over that generally means your Chihuahua should go on a diet, or get more exercise.

Miniature Dachshund | 10 - 14 pounds

Known as “hot-dog dogs” for their long bodies and stumpy legs, a Miniature Dachshund’s average size is around 10-14 pounds. (Full sized Dachshunds are closer to 25-30 pounds.) Coat and color vary -- some have long hair, some have short hair, some are brown, some are darker or of mixed color. Of German origins, this breed was originally developed to seek out and chase vermin. Have a mouse problem, but not a cat person? Dachshunds are still good at the job. Their body-to-leg ratio can sometime cause spinal problems, but keeping your Dachshund fit and not overweight is excellent prevention from spinal and other health problems down the road.

Pom Poms (Pomeranians) | 4-8 pounds

Of Slavic origins, these bundles of fur are much smaller than they seem under all that poof. Their average body weight is only 4-8 pounds, which makes them a favorite for putting into purses and carrying around, though not all Poms will tolerate such portability. Poms make great family pets -- they tend to be friendly, loyal, gentle, and very spritely and active. As with many small dogs, Poms can suffer from luxating patella -- slippage of the kneecap -- later in life. You can attempt to avoid this painful and expensive outcome by keeping your Pom fit and well exercised.

Shih Tzu | 8 - 16 pounds

Bred originally as companion dogs, Shih Tzus are known to have a calm, agreeable nature. Their long coat doesn’t shed much, but does require daily brushing to avoid mats and tangles. Be sure your schedule permits for this sort of involvement. Shih Tzus can weigh anywhere from 8 to 16 pounds, and come in a variety of colors.



Maltese
| 8 - 10 pounds

Silky of coat, white of color, and Italian of origin (from the island of Malta, of course), these small dogs stay small for life, at about 9 pounds, and stand a foot or less off the ground. Maltese dogs are affectionate and cuddly. They’re playful, but can get snappy with children.

 

More on Dog Breeds

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AKC Recognized Breeds
The Best Dogs for Children

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