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List of Dog Breeds and Their Common Health Concerns

What Your Dog's Breed Could Mean What Issues They May Face

By Sam Bourne. November 07, 2013 | See Comments

Doberman, Labrador, French Bulldog, and Bulldog on White Background

Dogs come in all shapes and sizes, and different dog breeds can be affected by different health concerns. This list of dog breeds outlines the predisposed genetic conditions common in each breed. See what your dog might have in store, and how to prepare.

Dogs run the gamut in terms of size, temperament, skills, and pretty much every other defining characteristic -- it's kind of hard to believe that Chihuahuas and Rottweilers are related at all! With all these inherent differences, it comes as no surprise that each breed has to be on the lookout for different health concerns.

To get a better idea of what your dog might have waiting for them down the line, take a look at this list of dog breeds’ predisposed conditions. Click through for information about these health concerns, and learn how to watch for symptoms, prevent problems, and start treatment.

RELATED STORY: How a Healthy Dog Weight Can Prevent Disease

Breed

Health Concerns

Affenpinscher

Patellar Luxation

Afghan Hound

Cataracts

African Boerboels

None Reported

Airedale Terrier

Hip Dysplasia; Gastric Torsion (Bloat)

Akbash

Hip Dysplasia; Osteochondritis Dissecans

Akita

Hip Dysplasia; Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA); Elbow Dysplasia; Pemphigus; Gastric Torsion (Bloat)

Alapaha Blue Blood Bulldogs

Hip Dysplasia; Deafness; Blindness; Skin Disorders

Alaskan Klee Kai

Patellar Luxation

Alaskan Malamute

Hip Dysplasia; Cataracts; Chondrodysplasia

American Bulldog

Hip Dysplasia; Entropion

American Eskimo Dog

Patellar Luxation; Hip Dysplasia; Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA)

American Foxhound

Blood Platelet Abnormality

American Staffordshire Terrier

Hip Dysplasia; Cerebellar Ataxia; Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA)

American Water Spaniel

Heart Problems; Hip Dysplasia

Anatolian Shepherd Dog

Hip Dysplasia; Entropion

Australian Cattle Dog

Hip Dysplasia; Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA); Deafness; Elbow Dysplasia

Australian Kelpie

Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA)

Australian Shepherd

Cataracts; Collie Eye Anomaly; Hip Dysplasia; Nasal Solar Dermatitis; Pelger-Huet Syndrome; Ivermectin Sensitivity

Australian Silky Terrier

Cryptorchidism

Australian Terrier

Patellar Luxation; Diabetes

Basenji

Fanconi Syndrome; Basenji Enteropathy; Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA)

Basset Hound

Elbow Dysplasia; Ear Problems; Eyelid Problems; Glaucoma; Gastric Torsion (Bloat); Hip Dysplasia; Von Willebrand Disease

Beagle

Intervertebral Disk Disease; Hip Dysplasia

Bearded Collie

Hip Dysplasia; Epilepsy; Colonic Disease; Pemphigus

Beauceron

Hip Dysplasia; Gastric Torsion (Bloat)

Bedlington Terrier

Copper Toxicosis; Retinal Dysplasia; Renal Cortical Hypoplasia

Belgian Malinois

Hip Dysplasia; Elbow Dysplasia

Belgian Shepherd Dog

Seizures; Allergies

Belgian Tervuren

Seizures; Hip Dysplasia; Elbow Dysplasia; Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA)

Bernese Mountain Dog

Hip Dysplasia; Elbow Dysplasia; Mast Cell Tumor; Gastric Torsion (Bloat)

Bichon Frise

Patellar Luxation; Allergies; Cataracts; Hip Dysplasia

Black and Tan Coonhound

Hip Dysplasia; Ectropion

Black Russian Terrier

Hip Dysplasia; Elbow Dysplasia

Bloodhound

Eyelid Problems; Gastric Torsion (Bloat); Ear Problems; Skin-Fold Dermatitis; Hip Dysplasia; Elbow Dysplasia

Border Collie

Hip Dysplasia; Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA); Lens Luxation; Collie Eye Anomaly; Seizures; Heart Defects; Ivermectin Sensitivity

Border Terrier

Patellar Luxation

Borzoi

Gastric Torsion (Bloat); Heart Problems

Boston Terrier

Patellar Luxation; Brachycephalic Syndrome

Bouvier des Flandres

Hip Dysplasia; Elbow Dysplasia; Heart Defects; Glaucoma

Boxer

Heart Problems; Hip Dysplasia; Gastric Torsion (Bloat); Tumors

Briard

Hip Dysplasia; Gastric Torsion (Bloat)

Brittany

Hip Dysplasia; Epilepsy

Brussels Griffon

None Reported

Bull Terrier

Deafness (in Whites); Kidney Problems; Heart Problems; Patellar Luxation

Bullmastiff

Gastric Torsion (Bloat); Hip Dysplasia; Elbow Dysplasia

Cairn Terrier

Liver Shunt; Glaucoma; Jaw Problems

Canaan Dog

None Reported

Cane Corso

Hip Dysplasia; Entropion; Ectropion; Mange; Gastric Torsion (Bloat)

Cardigan Welsh Corgi

Hip Dysplasia; Degenerative Myelopathy

Carolina Dog

None Reported

Catahoula Leopard Dogs

Hip dysplasia; Glass Eye; Deafness

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Heart Problems; Hip Dysplasia; Syringomyelia; Patellar Luxation

Central Asian Ovtcharkas

Hip Dysplasia; Elbow Dysplasia

Cesky Terrier

Scottie Cramp

Chesapeake Bay Retriever

Hip Dysplasia; Gastric Torsion (Bloat); Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA)

Chihuahua

Heart Problems; Hydrocephalus; Patellar Luxation

Chinese Crested

Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA); Glaucoma; Lens Luxation; Patellar Luxation

Chinese Foo

None Reported

Chinese Shar-Pei

Eyelid Problems; Hip Dysplasia; Patellar Luxation; Ear Problems; Allergies

Chipoo

Glaucoma; Cataracts; Gum Problems; Ear Infections; Heart Defects

Chow Chow

Eyelid Problems; Hip Dysplasia; Patellar Luxation; Gastric Torsion (Bloat); Elbow Dysplasia

Clumber Spaniel

Intervertebral Disk Disease; Entropion

Collie

Collie Eye Anomaly; Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA); Gastric Torsion (Bloat); Dermatomyositis; Ivermectin Sensitivity

Coton De Tulears

Cherry Eye; Prolapsed Nictitans Gland; Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA); Patellar Luxation

Curly-Coated Retriever

Hip Dysplasia

Dachshund

Intervertebral Disk Disease; Dry Eye

Dalmatian

Deafness;Urinary Stones; Allergies

Dandie Dinmont Terrier

Intervertebral Disk Disease; Glaucoma

Doberman Pinscher

Wobbler’s Syndrome; Cardiomyopathy; Von Willebrand’s Disease; Gastric Torsion (Bloat); Hip Dysplasia

Dogue de Bordeaux

Gastric Torsion (Bloat); Heart Problems; Lymphoma; Kidney Problems; Hip Dysplasia; Elbow Hygroma; Arthritis; Epilepsy; Entropion; Osteosarcoma

English Bulldogs

Brachycephalic Syndrome; Heart Problems; Hip Dysplasia; Dry Eye; Eyelid Problems; Internalized Tail; Shoulder Luxation

English Cocker Spaniels

Ear Problems; Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA); Cataracts; Patellar Luxation; Hip Dysplasia; Deafness (in Particolors)

English Foxhound

None Reported

English Setter

Deafness; Hip Dysplasia; Elbow Dysplasia

English Shepherd

Hip Dysplasia; Ivermectin Sensitivity

English Springer Spaniel

Hip Dysplasia; Ear Problems; Elbow Dysplasia; Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA)

English Toy Spaniel

Patellar Luxation

Estrela Mountain Dogs

Hip Dysplasia; Osteochondritis Dissecans

Field Spaniel

Hip Dysplasia; Ear Problems

Fila Brasileiros

Hip Dysplasia; Lameness; Elbow Dysplasia

Finnish Spitz

None Reported

Flat-Coated Retriever

Hip Dysplasia; Cancers; Gastric Torsion (Bloat); Glaucoma

Fox Terrier (Smooth)

Lens Luxation; Cataracts; Legg-Perthes

Fox Terrier (Wire)

Lens Luxation; Cataracts; Legg-Perthes

French Bulldog

Brachycephalic Syndrome; Intervertebral Disc Disease; Hip Dysplasia; Allergies; Patellar Luxation

German Pinscher

None Reported

German Shepherd

Hip Dysplasia; Elbow Dysplasia; Panosteitis; Von Willebrand’s Disease; Degenerative Myelopathy; Skin Problems; Dermatitis; Hemangiosarcoma; Pannus; Cataracts; Gastric Torsion (Bloat); Perianal Fistulas

German Shorthaired Pointer

Lymphedema; Hip Dysplasia; Entropion; Gastric Torsion (Bloat); Von Willebrand’s Disease

German Wirehaired Pointer

Hip Dysplasia

Giant Schnauzer

Hip Dysplasia; Gastric Torsion (Bloat)

Glen of Imaal Terrier

Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA); Hip Dysplasia

Golden Retriever

Hip Dysplasia; Elbow Dysplasia; Skin Problems; Heart Problems; Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA); Mast Cell Tumor

Goldendoodle

None Reported

Gordon Setter

Hip Dysplasia;Gastric Torsion (Bloat)

Great Dane

Gastric Torsion (Bloat); Hip Dysplasia; Cardiomyopathy; Elbow Dysplasia; Bone Cancer

Great Pyrenees

Hip Dysplasia; Patellar Luxation; Entropion; Bone Cancer

Greater Swiss Mountain Dog

Hip Dysplasia; Gastric Torsion (Bloat); Seizures

Greyhound

Gastric Torsion (Bloat); Bone Cancer

Harrier

Hip Dysplasia

Havanese

Patellar Luxation

Hungarian Vizsla

Epilepsy; Hip Dysplasia; Lymphosarcoma

Ibizan Hound

Allergies

Irish Setter

Hip Dysplasia; Gastric Torsion (Bloat); Progressive Retinal Atrophy

Irish Terrier

Urinary Stones

Irish Water Spaniel

Hip Dysplasia; Ear Problems

Irish Wolfhound

Gastric Torsion (Bloat); Elbow Dysplasia; Hip Dysplasia; Heart Problem; Bone Cancer

Italian Greyhound

Periodontal Disease; Epilepsy; Leg Fractures; Patellar Luxation; Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA)

Jack Russell Terrier

Lens Luxation, Patellar Luxation

Japanese Chin

Patellar Luxation; Dry Eye; Entropion; Cataracts

Keeshond

Hip Dysplasia; Epilepsy; Patellar Luxation

Kerry Blue Terrier

Cerebellar Abiotrophy; Cataracts; Spiculosis; Hair Follicle Tumors; Eyelid Problems; Hip Dysplasia

Komondor

Hip Dysplasia; Gastric Torsion (Bloat); Ear Problems

Kooikerhondje

Cataracts; Epilepsy

Kuvasz

Hip Dysplasia

Labradoodle

Obesity

Labrador Retriever

Hip Dysplasia; Elbow Dysplasia; Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA); Obesity

Laekenois

Obesity

Lakeland Terrier

Lens Luxation

Lancashire Heeler

Patellar Luxation

Lhasa Apso

Patellar Luxation; Eyelid Problems; Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA); Renal Cortical Hypoplasia

Löwchen

Patellar Luxation

Maltese

Patellar Luxation; Hydrocephalus; Liver Shunt; Dental Problems; Eyelid Problems

Maltipoo

None Reported

Manchester Terrier

Cardiomyopathy; Von Willebrand’s Disease

Maremma Sheepdog

Hip Dysplasia; Gastric Torsion (Bloat)

Mastiff

Hip Dysplasia; Gastric Torsion (Bloat); Elbow Dysplasia; Bone Cancer

Miniature Bull Terrier

Deafness (whites); Glaucoma; Lens Luxation

Miniature Pinscher

Legg-Perthes; Patellar Luxation; Heart Defects; Mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS)

Miniature Poodle

Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA); Deafness; Diabetes; Heart Defects

Miniature Schnauzer

Urinary Stones; Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA); Schnauzer Comedo Syndrome; Von Willebrand’s Syndrome

Neapolitan Mastiff

Hip Dysplasia; Cardiomyopathy; Demodicosis; Elbow Dysplasia

Newfoundland

Heart Problems; Elbow Dysplasia; Hip Dysplasia; Gastric Torsion (Bloat)

Norfolk Terrier

Hip Dysplasia; Allergies

Norwegian Buhunds

Cataracts

Norwegian Elkhound

Hip Dysplasia; Hot Spots; Kidney Problems

Norwich Terrier

Hip Dysplasia; Allergies; Seizures

Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever

Hip Dysplasia; Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA)

Old English Sheepdog

Hip Dysplasia; Gastric Torsion (Bloat); Ear Infections; Retinal Detachment; Cataracts; Progressive Retinal Atrophy; Cerebellar Ataxia

Otterhound

Hip Dysplasia; Gastric Torsion (Bloat); Elbow Dysplasia; Blood Platelet Abnormality

Papillon

Patellar Luxation; Seizures; Dental Problems

Parson Russell Terrier

Lens Luxation; Patellar Luxation

Peekapoo

None Reported

Pekingese

Brachycephalic Syndrome; Dry Eye; Patellar Luxation

Pembroke Welsh Corgi

Intervertebral Disc Disease; Hip Dysplasia; Epilepsy; Degenerative Myelopathy

Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen

Ear Problems

Pharaoh Hound

None Reported

Pit Bull

Hip Dysplasia; Cerebellar Ataxia; Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA)

Plott

None Reported

Pointer

Entropion; Hip Dysplasia

Polish Lowland Sheepdog

None Reported

Pomapoo

None Reported

Pomeranian

Patellar Luxation; Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA)

Poodle

Eyelid Problems; Legg-Perthes; Patellar Luxation; Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA); Epilepsy; Sebaceous Adenitis

Portuguese Water Dog

Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA); Hip Dysplasia; Glycogen Storage Disease

Pug

Brachycephalic Syndrome; Pug Dog Encephalitis; Hip Dysplasia; Patellar Luxation; Legg-Perthes; Entropion

Puli

Hip Dysplasia

Rat Terrier

Patellar Luxation

Redbone Coonhound

None Reported

Rhodesian Ridgeback

Hip Dysplasia; Elbow Dysplasia; Dermoid Sinus

Rottweiler

Hip Dysplasia; Elbow Dysplasia; Heart Problems; Bone Cancer; Gastric Torsion (Bloat); Von Willebrand’s Disease

Saint Bernard

Hip Dysplasia; Gastric Torsion (Bloat); Eyelid Problems; Elbow Dysplasia; Bone Cancer; Heart Problems; Diabetes

Saluki

Hemangiosarcoma; Heart Problems

Samoyed

Hip Dysplasia; Gastric Torsion (Bloat)

Schipperke

Mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS); Legg-Perthes; Epilepsy

Schnoodle

None Reported

Scottish Deerhound

Gastric Torsion (Bloat); Heart Problems; Bone Cancer

Scottish Terrier

Von Willebrand’s Disease; Jaw Problems; Scotty Cramp; Patellar Luxation; Cerebellar Abiotrophy

Sealyham Terrier

Retinal Dysplasia; Lens Luxation

Shetland Sheepdog

Dermatomyositis; Collie Eye Anomaly; Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA); Cataracts; Hip Dysplasia; Legg-Perthes; Patellar Luxation; Ivermectin Sensitivity

Shiba Inu

Patellar Luxation; Allergies; Cataracts

Shih Tzu

Hip Dysplasia; Renal Dysplasia; Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA); Dry Eye; Liver Shunt; Patellar Luxation

Siberian Husky

Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA); Cataracts; Corneal Opacities

Silky Terrier

Patellar Luxation; Legg-Perthes

Skye Terrier

Premature Closure of Distal Radius

Snorkie

None Reported

Soft-coated Wheaten Terrier

Protein-Losing Diseases; Renal Dysplasia

Spinone Italiano

Hip Dysplasia; Gastric Torsion (Bloat); Ear Problems

Staffordshire Bull Terrier

Hip Dysplasia; Cerebellar Ataxia; Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA)

Standard Schnauzer

Hip Dysplasia; Follicular Dermatitis

Sussex Spaniel

Hip Dysplasia; Intervertebral Disk Disease; Ear Problems; Heart Problems

Swedish Vallhund

None Reported

Thai Ridgeback

Hip Dysplasia; Dermoid Sinus

Tibetan Mastiff

Hip Dysplasia

Tibetan Spaniel

Patellar Luxation; Cataract

Tibetan Terrier

Patellar Luxation; Epilepsy

Toy Fox Terrier

Patellar Luxation; Legg-Perthes

Toy Manchester Terrier

Von Willebrand’s Disease; Cardiomyopathy

Toy Poodle

Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA); Patellar Luxation; Legg-Perthes; Epilepsy; Eyelid Problems

Treeing Walker Coonhound

None Reported

Vizsla

Epilepsy; Hip Dysplasia; Lymphosarcoma

Weimaraner

Gastric Torsion (Bloat); Hip Dysplasia

Welsh Springer Spaniel

Hip Dysplasia; Ear Problems; Glaucoma; Epilepsy

Welsh Terrier

Lens Luxation; Glaucoma

West Highland White Terrier

Globoid Cell Leukodystrophy; Legg-Perthes; Jaw Problems; Copper Toxicosis; Cataracts; Patellar Luxation

Whippet

None Reported

Wirehaired Pointing Griffon

Hip Dysplasia; Ear Problems

Xoloitzcuintle

Acne (on Hairless)

Yorkie-Poo

Patellar Luxation; Hypothyroidism; Hypoglycemia; Mitral Valve Insufficiency (MVI); Urolithiasis

Yorkshire Terrier

Patellar Luxation

More on Dog Breeds

Lifespan of a Dog -- Dog Years Chart by Breed
5 Reasons Mixed Breed Dogs Make Great Pets
Which Dog Breed is Best for You?

References & Resources

The Dog Breed Bible by D. Caroline Coile, Ph.D.
AKC Guide to the South African Boerboel
Treeing Walker Coonhound Breed Guide
Alapaha Blue Blood Bulldogs FAQs
Alaskan Klee Kai Association
English Shepherds FAQs

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