French Bulldogs are compact, sturdy, low-activity little dogs who need to be kept indoors for their own protection. They are excellent companion dogs, affectionate to family and stranger alike, and are ideal pets for apartment dwellers and others with little or no yard space. These dogs cannot tolerate hot weather, and in the summer they may suffer in the heat if you do not have air conditioning. Intelligent and needing little exercise, Frenchies make good companions for sedentary and elderly people.
Miniature Bulldogs developed by English breeders gained popularity in France during the industrial revolution of mid-1800s when some of the tiny dogs immigrated there with English lace makers in search of work. American travelers encountered the little Bulldogs in France and brought some to the United States. Frenchie enthusiasts established a registry and breed standard for French Bulldogs in the late 1800s, naming their new breed for the country where they encountered them. The tiny Bulldogs have retained their original characteristics as quiet, docile house pets who require a minimum of exercise or activity to be both healthy and happy.
Because French Bulldogs have the shortened face characteristic of their larger Bulldog ancestors, they are prone to various breathing issues. Frenchies commonly snore, but this doesn’t necessarily indicate a problem. Dogs who are noisy breathers even when they are awake, particularly if they spit up foamy matter and food, may have an elongated soft palate that requires surgical intervention. Frenchies may also snort when they are excited, but this is a type of communication rather than the sign of a problem.
French Bulldogs are loving, affectionate, and eager to please, but they may also insist that everything has to be a game or they will refuse to participate. While they can learn basic manners, Frenchies are generally not good prospects, either physically or temperamentally, for advanced obedience training, agility, or other canine sports. Some Frenchies have a stubborn streak; if they decide they are not going to do something, it can be almost impossible to get them to cooperate.
French Bulldogs love people, but they tend not to be so accepting of other animals. They sometimes are inclined to bully smaller pets. In homes with other pets or children, it is best to introduce a French Bulldog puppy gradually. If you place your puppy in an exercise pen in the house and allow household pets and family members to investigate the new arrival, you can safely build familiarity. To help your Frenchie learn to be accepting of others, socialize your puppy from an early age. Puppy obedience classes and plenty of contact with people and pets both in and out of your home will help.
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